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Anderssen als Problemkomponist

  • batgirl
  • | 2013.09.05.
  • | 5270 megtekintés
  • | 11 hozzászólás

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     What some people may not realize is that before Anderssen rose to fame by winning the first international tournament at London in 1851, before his Immortal and Evergreen games, before his stunning loss to Morphy and less stuning loss to Steinitz and before all his later tournament successes,  Anderssen was a chess problem composer, and a very good one.

     In 1912 Hermann von Gottschall published the go-to book about Adolf Anderssen, "Adolf Anderssen, Altmeister deutscher Schachspielkunst." 

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     The book was, of course, written in German, a language I can't read or write, so much of the information is lost to me.   However, Gottschall included 80 of Anderssen's problems in a section called "Anderssen als Problemkomponist," many of which were taken from Anderssen's own published collection of 60 problems (1842) entitled, "Aufgaben für schachspieler nebst ihren lösungen." 

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     My ignorance of the German language didn't prevent me from picking a selection of those problems which I've given below. (The numbers corresponds with Gottschall's)

#1
White to move, Mate in 3







#5
White to move, Mate in 4






#38
White to move, mate in 4





#42
White to move, mate in 4





#62
White to move, mate in 8





#72
White to move, mate in 4





#79
White to move, mate in 3






#80
White to move, mate in four



Just to show that Anderssen isn't perfect, the following problem is cooked. Anderssen planned a thrilling mate in 6, but there is a more mundane mate in 4.  The first is Anderssen's 6 move solution, the second is the 4 mover.


#20
White to move, Mate in 6






White to move, Mate in 4






     Here is Problem #62 as it appears in Gottschall's book followed by the same problem (and solution) as it appeared in Anderssen's book (1852 edition).   Notice that Gottschall references the problem from Anderssen's two editions as LIX (1842) and LIII (1852):

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Hozzászólások


  • 14 hónap ezelőtt

    drd

    Problem #62 is also cooked since 4. Ba7 works just as well as 4. Bc7+.

    Anderssen also tried the first Forsberg twin (a twin by switching one piece for another) in Problem #62 by placing a knight on g3 instead of the bishop; unfortunately this is also cooked since both 1. Ne4 and 1. Nf5 solve in eight. However, he certainly deserves accolades for innovation.

  • 14 hónap ezelőtt

    batgirl

    Here is problem #79 as it appeard in "Le Régence" No. VIII, 1851 (edited by Kieseritzky)-

  • 14 hónap ezelőtt

    drd

    More attention should be paid to problem No. 80. This sort of Indian-type maneuver (it lacks the critical move of the black-squared bishop, which you would need for an Indian) with the king for mate is called an Anderssen mate, and is still very relevant to problem composition today. It occurs very often in longer helpmates.

  • 14 hónap ezelőtt

    suzettemy

    Every newest everything, will be a fossil.

  • 14 hónap ezelőtt

    Bhoetrus

    Wow those fossils knew something f good.amazing not straight forward not what meets the eye well done Adolf

  • 14 hónap ezelőtt

    Pakistani007

    Simply awsome he is i cant solve his solution with simple thinking also. very nice.

  • 14 hónap ezelőtt

    viche83

    The letters in that old german book are written in Fraktur / Sütterlin.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fraktur

  • 14 hónap ezelőtt

    Razzfazz

  • 14 hónap ezelőtt

    NM JMB2010

    How about this one?

  • 14 hónap ezelőtt

    kadoctoreipRgeg__

    thnks

  • 14 hónap ezelőtt

    coolthing

    nice!

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